Narcotic and non-narcotic analgesics. Application during pregnancy

Block pain in the human body canonly narcotic and non-narcotic analgesics of synthetic, semi-synthetic and natural origin. Until the discovery of analgesics, not one century has passed. Instead, as a painkiller, a person took a high dose of alcohol or used opium, hemp or scopolamine.

non-narcotic analgesics

Narcotic analgesics. Classification

Narcotic analgesics are classified by interaction with opium receptors, and also by chemical structure:

  • agonists, phenanthrene derivatives (codeine, morphine, morphilong, ethylmorphine, pantopone);
  • derivatives of piperedine (promedol, prosidol, menidin, dipidolor, loperamide);
  • agonists-antagonists (pentazocine, nalbuphine, butorphanol, buprenorphine, tramadol, tilidine);
  • opiate antagonists (naltrexone, naloxone).

All narcotic analgesics affect the nervous system, suppressing the strongand very strong pain. They also cause physical and mental dependence. In the case of an overdose of narcotic analgesics, attempts to eliminate pain often result in a fatal outcome.

narcotic analgesics classification

Non-narcotic analgesics. Classification

Non-narcotic analgesics are derivativespyrazolone (butadione, analgin), derivatives of alkanoic acids (voltaren), aniline derivatives (nanadol, paracetamol), derivatives of salicylic and anthranilic acids.

Non-narcotic analgesics do not causehabituation, euphoria, do not depress respiration and do not affect the processes of summation of subthreshold stimuli. The use of analgesics of this type leads to a reduction in pain, especially associated with the inflammatory process. Only suppression of the inflammatory reaction is not explained by the analgesic effect of these drugs. For example, butadione has a strong anti-inflammatory effect, but has no analgesic properties, and paracetamol does not suppress inflammation, but is an excellent analgesic.

Sometimes it may be necessary to use non-narcotic analgesics in combination with antispasmodics, which are distinguished by selective action on various organs.

Analgetics during pregnancy

analgesics during pregnancy

During all nine months of bearingof a toddler's wife are often disturbed by various pain sensations, which are of different nature and have a different degree of severity. To remove the pain could be various pain medication, but not during pregnancy. The use of analgesics can adversely affect the health of the baby, so pain medication is mostly contraindicated in women during pregnancy.

In the case if a woman has no painstop and bring a strong discomfort, experienced professionals are able to find a way to relieve pain and not harm the child. However, appointing analgesics during pregnancy can only be a doctor who monitors the condition of a woman and, accordingly, the process of bearing a baby. Therefore, if you are concerned about certain pains, it is recommended to consult a specialist who will certainly find the right decision without harming the development and health of the child as a whole.

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