For a person it is peculiar to be afraid of something. Even the bravest and the bravest feel a sense of fear to some extent, especially when it's not their own, but their close and dear people. So this feeling is completely normal, it can appear to anyone. Unfortunately, sometimes there is excessive excess of fears on this or that occasion, and completely unreasonable. Most often, these feelings of fear are called phobias. In this case, there is a huge number of their most diverse varieties. So what is a phobia?
To date, the term "phobia" has been adoptedunderstand an excessive irrational fear of a phenomenon, situation or object. From this definition, we can conclude that there is an extremely wide range of possible provoking factors of such a state.
There are several classifications thatcan complement the understanding of what a phobia is. The greatest practical value is the division of such unreasonable fears into the following groups:
The first group included those irrational fears,which relate, first of all, to any social situations. For example, the fear of the scene and the like. It's not so simple with what a phobia is of a specific nature. The fact is that the provoking factor of such fear can be almost anything, anything.
To date, scientists sharespecific phobias in 4 varieties: the natural environment (fear of a wide variety of natural phenomena, as well as water and the like), animals (especially the fear of rodents and spiders), certain situations (bridges, driving cars, etc.) and medical manipulations or their results (injections, blood, doctors).
The concept of what a phobia is incomplete,if you do not touch the topic of agoraphobia. This kind of unreasonable fears implies an irrational fear of being trapped when it comes to a particular place or situation.
Scientists from the United States estimated that phobias are availableabout 10% of the population of their country. In this case, only one in ten of these fears persist for life. It is conditioned by the fact that in most cases people recognize that they have a phobia. As a result, many are ready to undergo special therapy.
In the event that a person has developed these or other phobias, treatment can be very diverse. There are many methods. The most common are 2 of them:
1) Opposition to the object of fear. The essence of the technique is that the patient is taught a rational reaction to the appearance of that object or the development of that situation, which are the objects of irrational fear.
2) Prolonged contact with the object of fear. This method implies the formation of such conditions, when the patient should be in the immediate vicinity of the object of fear for a long time or be constantly in the situation that causes fear in him.
Both of these techniques are quite effective, in manycases, they allow you to get rid of unreasonable fear, regardless of what is called phobia - agarophobia, bacteriophobia, dentophobia or something else.