Half a century ago, socionics as a scienceit was not known. But in our days the camp of admirers of this new science, which has already earned itself a worthy place, is very extensive and every year it grows even larger. Until now, it is easy enough to trace the chronology of the development of socionics, which originated in the 70s of the 20th century. The founder was the Lithuanian economist and psychologist Ausra Augustinavichiute. Although today many people have a stable association: socionics are signs of Reinin, we will not forget the origins.
Already in the early 1970's Augustinavichyute for the first timefamiliarized himself with the typology of the Swiss psychiatrist Jung Karl Gustav, the theory of information metabolism of a psychiatrist from Poland Anton Kempinski and the theory of psychoanalysis Freud. Ausra Augustinavichyute revealed that, in addition to the already well-known structure (structure) of the psyche, there is also the construction of relationships, which, in turn, is revealed by the psychological types of people, regardless of their intentions and desires.
Define socionics as a science about the types of people andrelations between them. She studies psychological compatibility, information interaction among themselves, as well as between a person and his environment.
Features of human communication, his abilities,professional inclinations, as well as the powerful and weakest aspects of personality are defined as a psychological type. At the moment, socionics is quite common in the practices of recruitment agencies, career counseling centers, socionic consulting and coaching, and even in the practice of marriage agencies.
The imposition of classical psychologicalapproaches to typological issues of psychological problems, professional and personal development and growth - this is a new round of psychotherapy. Focusing on typological features, we get some starting points, or reference points for a possible purposeful step-by-step analysis, called "markers," which quickly and effectively lead to a comprehension of the picture of the situation and the causes, possibilities and variants of its development.
Currently, some socionic schools are typing (socionic diagnostics) using the signs Reinin.
Reinin's symptoms are fifteen orthogonalbinary signs such as information-energy metabolism or the human sociotype, identified and proven by Grigoriy Romanovich Reinin - a Russian mathematician and psychologist, a native of present-day St. Petersburg.
Ausra Augustinavichyute with his colleague LarisaKobrinskaya in 1980, suggested that there are 11 dichotomous signs, in addition to the already known four Jungian, and they are formed precisely when multiplying those same Jungian dichotomies. A little later, the St. Petersburg mathematician Rainin was given a mathematical basis for this hypothesis, on the basis of which a stable definition-Reinin's attributes-was fixed. Gregory Reinin from the mathematical point of view justified the signs as follows: from X and Y, two orthogonal binary features, we get X * Y - a binary feature, which in its turn is also considered orthogonal to the previous two. In general, it is possible to obtain 2 ^ (n-1) -n derivatives of orthogonal signs (naturally, in the presence of n independent dichotomies), including derivatives of derivatives. Accordingly, by multiplying these four Jungian independent dichotomies, we obtain eleven derived characteristics.
Grigoriy Reinin proved using mathematical methods, in addition to the fact that 16 well-known socionic types can be divided into four features, they can be broken down in 11 ways.
Symptoms | ILE | SEI | ESE | LII | EE | LSI | SLE | IEI | SEE |
Logic of Ethics | + | - | - | + | - | + | + | - | - |
Intuition Sensor | + | - | - | + | + | - | - | + | - |
Extroversion Introversion | + | - | + | - | + | - | + | - | + |
IrrationalityRationality | + | + | - | - | - | - | + | + | + |
DemocratismAristocracy | + | + | + | + | - | - | - | - | + |
ComplacencyStrongness | + | + | - | - | - | - | + | + | - |
Carelessness | + | + | - | - | + | + | - | - | - |
ConstructivismEmotivism | + | - | + | - | + | - | + | - | - |
TacticsStategy | + | - | + | - | - | + | - | + | - |
StaticsDynamics | + | - | - | + | - | + | + | - | + |
PositivismNegativism | + | - | + | - | - | + | - | + | + |
ProcessResult | + | + | - | - | + | + | - | - | + |
CheerfulnessSeriousness | + | + | + | + | + | + | + | + | - |
ReasonablenessDecision | + | + | + | + | - | - | - | - | - |
KvestimnostDeclaimence | + | - | - | + | + | - | - | + | + |
There are signs of Reinin (table itshows). But, as was revealed by Rainin, the already known 4 attributes are far from being a complete set of non-relocating (orthogonal) features, and by multiplying those 4, we obtain eleven other derived characteristics. Some socionics argue that Reinin's findings are equitable, and derivatives can be obtained from any four independent dichotomies.
Today, in the age of maximum accessibilityinformation, just find any. This, including, and signs Reinin (test or Calculator TIM, type of information metabolism). More common groups: rationality - irrational, logic - ethics, introversion - extraversion and sensory - intuition. The introduction of additional features, as well as the formation of the table and test, greatly simplified the process of determining the type, which was a great leap forward to the development of socionics as a science.