In the brilliant novel of Ilf and Petrov "12 chairs"there is a very colorful character - grief-father, pop Fedor Vostrikov. Having learned about the treasures of Madame Petukhova, he set out to get ahead of the legitimate heir to Ippolit Matveyevich Vorobyaninov (Kisu). His swindler Fyodor concealed his not a Christian purpose with one outstanding phrase, which had long ago become independent: "It is not self-interest, but the will of my wife who sent me!"
No matter how strange this may sound,unselfishness, too, there was a certain price. More precisely, the reward. In the first quarter of the XIX century (1824), the Russian Emperor Alexander I instituted an appropriate medal. They cast it out of silver, and decorated its own imperial profile with a regalia.
For the history of the existence of the medal, only onea person was awarded to be awarded it, that is, he was unselfish in the eyes of the state. It was a certain Khovrin, a non-commissioned officer from Nizhny Novgorod. He caught a robber who had stolen a very large sum for those times-eighteen thousand four hundred rubles, and returned everything to a penny-a major named Koltovsky. That's when it was decided that Khovrin is unselfish. This is recorded in the annals of history, giving the distinguished new medal.
When exactly we can say that someoneacted disinterestedly? How does this quality express itself, in what specific situations does it manifest itself? For example, in refusing gifts, offerings. Sometimes even an inoffensive bouquet of flowers can be an attempt to pay for a good deed. It seems a trifle, why not take it? But then all disinterestedness is completely erased! The fact of the matter is that it does not at all and does not accept any, absolutely no transactions and payments.
With disinterestedness, a complete rejection ofhonors and rewards, a display of goodwill and courtesy in response to frank rudeness and rudeness. Love without reciprocity, without hope for it, is also selfless, as well as friendship with people "just like that", without any calculation, making use of their location, influence, money, help, etc. Disinterested people are the righteous who hold our world.