The concept of "activity" in psychology isleading place. According to the traditional domestic approach, it is the main condition for the physical and mental development of man. Therefore, it is necessary to consider what is the general structure of activity, which will necessarily be repeated in the individual. It includes the following components:
The structure of activity includes motivation, which prompts to be active. It is she who helps a person formulate his desires in the final result.
Motives can be different:
But it must be borne in mind that any human activity is poly-motivated, which determines, as a result, its purpose.
The overall structure of activities is carried out by a system of interrelated actions. They contribute to the achievement of a specific task that will help achieve a common goal. There are several classifications of actions.
In their function they can be:
Actions in their focus:
The structure of activity is forced to "work"mental properties and personality processes. Relationships, feelings and knowledge regulate and guide it. Let us consider this in more detail. Knowledge at different levels of reflection will regulate activities. On the basis of sensations and perceptions, the strength of muscles, rhythm and pace of movements are measured. But the solution of mental problems can be guided by concepts and images. It depends on the individual experience of man.
In addition, the success of its implementation will be influenced bythe internal state of man. Any type of activity can cause fatigue, a decrease in physical and mental performance, which appears due to a significant expenditure of resources in the body. As a result, fatigue is formed, which will affect the result of the activity. Very important is a positive attitude towards work. Therefore, adjustment is carried out simultaneously on several levels.
The psychology of activity has now becomeone of the most actively developing industries. As a result, a large number of different directions emerged. They study the specificity of activity in all kinds of work (sports, pedagogical, engineering psychology, and so on).</ p>