Large and small social groups area set of individuals that interact with each other. At the heart of the relationship are the shared expectations of each of its members in relation to others. Let us consider in more detail the socio-psychological content, characteristics, patterns, classification of small groups, as well as the importance of the leader in them.
In the process of communication, each person enters intointeraction with others. The concept of a small group includes the unification of people who have personal direct contact with each other and are united by joint activities, related or emotional affinity. Its main feature is the recognition of its belonging and the recognition of it by other members.
A small group consists of a small numberindividuals. Its composition can be different, which is determined by social characteristics (by sex, age, nationality, education, religion, etc.) and by number. The structure of the group is not always the same. It can be determined by functional duties in the joint activity between members, a set of social roles (it is about the expected actions from the person, for which specific duties are assigned), norms (prescriptions, requirements, wishes of socially-approved behavior).
A small group can differ for different reasons.
Regularities of development
Any small group operates in accordance withgroup processes, which include the consolidation or its dissociation, the formation of social norms, leadership, antipathies and sympathies and other phenomena. Due to this, public pressure on each member is increased and intensified. The group, with the help of the introduced norms and rules, will force all individuals to follow them. This process is necessary for the small group to be complete and integrated.
Importance of Leadership
One of the main processes in group dynamics -highlighting the leader. As a rule, he is a member of this society, which has a significant influence on all aspects of his life. Allocation is based on authority, that is recognition of personal and social qualities of a person. Practice shows that any small group needs management, thanks to which goal-setting, decision-making, coordination of joint actions, control over observance of norms, rules of conduct and implementation of necessary decisions are carried out.