According to studies, only a tenth ofinformation the person conveys in words. The rest is in gestures, facial expressions and intonation. For the first intuitive "scan" a person needs about 10 seconds. People do not always say what they think, but the body does not know how to lie. Hidden feelings find an outlet through gestures. The psychology of non-verbal communication is very broad and multifaceted. Having learned to understand the gestures of a person and their meanings, it will be much easier to find out the truth.
When the emotional background of a person rises, heceases to follow his body. But when trying to unravel the thoughts of others it is necessary to take into account situational factors so that the judgment is correct. For example, if a person crosses his arms in the chest in severe frosts, this can only mean that he is cold, and not secretive and withdrawn.
Human gestures are divided into the following types:
Studying the gestures of a person and their meanings, specialattention should be paid to the hands. It is their movements that make up most of the communication. Many of them became so familiar and ordinary that they were no longer noticed. But even simple gestures can be entertaining in more detailed consideration.
When one person greets another, the mannergiving a hand can tell a lot. Powerful people give it down with a palm. When there is respect, the hand is pushed down. If a person is notable for compliance and knows how to find compromises, he extends it with his palm upward. Morally weak people shake their hand uncertainly and very weakly, and aggressive, on the contrary, is very strong, at this time their hand is completely straightened and tense.
Thinking about how to understand a person by gestures,it is necessary to know that they are open and closed. Under the first understand those movements, when a person spreads his hands to the side or shows his hands. They testify that he is ready for contact and open for communication.
Closed gestures include those that helpa man to build a psychological barrier. The body can be closed not only with hands, but with foreign objects. Such manipulations show that a person does not trust the person he is talking with and is not ready to open up to him. It can be locked in the lock or fingers crossed.
Studying the gestures of a person and their meanings, specialistscame to the conclusion that people who put their palms in the palm of their hand or clasped their hands behind their back feel superiority over others and are highly conceited. The aggression can be witnessed by the hands put in the pocket when the thumb is left outside.
If during conversation the interlocutor constantly touchesface, ears or neck - this should alert. Most likely, he is lying. The movements of the hands near the mouth may indicate that the person lacks support and approval. But it is necessary to take into account and external factors: perhaps, the interlocutor scratches his eyes and touches his nose because of a cold or allergy.
People who are passionate about something often prop their cheeks. If a person scratches his chin, then he is in the process of making some important decision.
To find mutual understanding, it is important to know whatshow gestures and gestures of man. The psychology of non-verbal communication is the key to success. Many movements are carried out at a subconscious level, therefore it is practically impossible to control them.
When a person feels sympathy for the interlocutor andready to go with him to contact, he usually leans toward him. If he sits, the body can be propelled forward, but the legs remain in place. Leaning on one side, he demonstrates a friendly attitude. When the interlocutor leans back, perhaps he is bored with the conversation, and he lost interest in him.
Why do I need to know how to read a person's gestures?People have certain rules concerning their personal territory and space. A person who likes to break them and invade other people's borders, loves to show strength and flaunt in public. Confident people often take a little more space: they stretch their legs, they conveniently have their hands. A stiff man tries to adopt the embryo position.
Not everyone is ready to let the interlocutor into their personal space. If a person becomes tense internally, crosses his arms and moves back, then he is not ready for close contact.
A person who becomes away frominterlocutor, it seems arrogant. But in fact, he's just afraid to get close to others. He can be annoyed by the appearance or topic of conversation, and he wants to stop communication sooner. Often, people who are used to distancing themselves, feel fear in their souls.
Wishing to understand how to understand a person bygestures, it is worth paying attention to whether it does not copy other people's movements. When the interlocutor imitates, it shows that he is sympathetic and positive.
Such gestures, as well as the corresponding gesturesand the facial expressions of the person speak of inner anxiety or impatience. In moments of excitement, adults can swing from their heels to their toes to calm down a bit. But this behavior is unlikely to please the interlocutor: it distracts and confuses the speaker, preventing him from concentrating.
When people start getting nervous, their body cangive out a lot of different information. The ruffle speaks about the inner state no less than facial expressions and gestures. When a person feels insecure, he makes various movements, for example, wringing his hands or fidgeting in a chair. This helps him to get distracted from an unpleasant situation.
If the interlocutor constantly pulls the tie, he may have lied or just wants to leave the society in which he is.
The head inclined to the side is a sign thatthe interlocutor is interested in the conversation, he is ready to listen and is interested in its continuation. Man's gestures and their meanings are unambiguous and indicate that he is completely focused on the perception of information.
Psychologists have long noticed that if a person does notlike what he hears, he unconsciously makes a sharp head movement in the opposite direction from the speaker. Thus, he creates an obstacle between himself and a source of discomfort.
People who constantly nod in response to speechesinterlocutor, are accustomed to please everyone. They really want everyone to like and receive the approval of others. As a rule, these people are not sure of themselves and are afraid to be rejected.
If a person shakes his head from side to side, then he expresses an internal disagreement with the interlocutor.
A person who talks with his head lowered - modest and insecure, he suffers from low self-esteem. Perhaps at the moment he is depressed or deeply unhappy.
The upturned head and chin-chin are a sign of aggression and hostility. Perhaps a person feels the impending threat and is ready to go to any extremes to protect themselves.
If the interlocutor constantly throws back his head, this may indicate contempt or arrogance.
This movement does not matter only in thata case where a person is sick. In other situations, it is an indicator that the interlocutor is awkward or uncertain. It is much easier to find contact with others if you know what the facial expressions and gestures of a person mean. The psychology of nonverbal communication will help to resolve the situation without bringing it to the conflict. Sometimes people can scratch their nape if they do not like something. In time, offering the interlocutor an alternative, you can avoid disputes and criticism.
Often people scratch, if they do not understand the question. Changing the wording and explaining in more detail what is required of him, you can give him time to prepare a response.
Such gestures may indicate thata person does not care what happens, or he is lying. This can also be regarded as uncertainty in the words spoken. During an untruthful story, people shrug their shoulders very quickly. Such distortion helps them to gather and look collected and calm. Raised shoulders are a sign of insecurity.
When a person wants to attract attentionthe opposite sex, he touches the hair or straightens the clothes. Sometimes there is increased gesticulation and anxiety. Women can wind a curl of hair on a finger or correct make-up. Men in contact with a lady who evokes sympathy, want to appear strong and confident. They put their hands on the belt or put them in their pockets, play with a belt, drawing attention.
They help a person to reach the right leveltranquility and security. Instead of direct crossing of hands, various objects are used: cuff links, watch strap or bracelets. But the result of these manipulations is always the same: one hand is across the body, thus creating protection. This indicates nervousness.
For full communication it is very important to understand,what gestures of a person mean. If during a conversation one hand is chaotically dangling, drawing some lines or describing circles, this may indicate that the person is deceiving.
If a person wants to express criticism or is dissatisfiedoften he takes such a pose: one hand propps his chin, and the index finger is straightened. The other arm can support the elbow. If in conjunction with this one or two eyebrows are omitted, then the person clearly does not approve of the interlocutor.
When a person rubs his ear while talking, orneck, most likely, he does not fully understand what is required of him. His assurances that everything is clear to him is a lie. Of course, if such actions are not caused by yesterday's draft and painful sensations.
The language of a person's gestures reveals that in thisthe moment takes place inside, and reveals all emotions. The interlocutor may remain silent, but if he disagrees with something, he will involuntarily cover his mouth with his hand. In order to correct the situation in time, it is necessary to analyze which words caused such a reaction. Then mistrust will not go to the next stage and will not be transformed into dislike.
Most often a person, lying, trying to cover his mouth with his hand. This gesture comes from childhood. So do children who accidentally betrayed someone else's secret or told a lie.
During lying, a person feelsuncomfortable and afraid of exposure, so nervous. When people try to pull themselves together, they scratch the tip of the nose. It can be a fleeting involuntary movement.
The friction of the century can also testify,that the interlocutor is telling a lie. If the deception is quite serious, a person can look away or down, stroke the neck or ears. But all these signs should be considered in the complex.