Deviation in sociology and basic concepts

The term "social deviation" means somesocial behavior that does not meet certain standards established in society. If we consider any social group of people or an entire society with a multitude of such groups, then they adopt the standards of behavior that all follow. Deviation in sociology deals with deviations from generally accepted norms, which can be either positive or negative.

The negative deviation in sociology can beis associated, for example, with alcoholism. Such deviations by society are not accepted, they run into certain barriers and obstacles. People who exhibit such behavior can experience the influence of society, which manifests itself in the sanctions being imposed. Depending on the type of behavior, sanctions may be different - isolation, or compulsory treatment, in some cases - some punishment for the offender.

In general, deviation in sociology may run intoon formal and informal sanctions. If we consider sociology as a science, then its main problem being studied is the deviations from the norm. This science is used to create the development of adjacent areas, and it also served as the basis for the formation of some modern sciences. In particular, we can mention criminology, which uses the experience of studying the deviant behavior of various criminals, to form psychological portraits, etc.

Deviation in sociology was studied by many scientistsand simple researchers who have contributed to the overall development. One of the first classic works on this topic is "Suicide" by Emile Durkheim in 1897. Durkheim was a well-known French sociologist who founded even the whole direction of the sociological school.

Deviation in education

The study of deviation gives some undeniableadvantages, in particular, it is possible to take measures to eliminate negative deviations in behavior. This practice is used in educational institutions, how well teachers are able to identify such problems, depends largely on the effectiveness of their work.

Teenage deviations as a socialthe pedagogical problem is most acute in secondary school, although they should be closely monitored throughout the learning phase. It is necessary to identify the deviant as soon as possible, i.e. a person whose behavior is somehow different from the generally accepted norms. Deviations can be social, pedagogical, ethnic, age, etc.

During work it is important to understand the cause of the deviation, and what it can lead to. In some cases, deviations, as already said, will not necessarily be negative.

The problem with this behavior is that it can only be the first step of something more. So Ivan Ivanov distinguished several levels of deviant behavior: pre-criminal and criminogenic.

F.Pataki said that there are several basic characteristics of this behavior: crime, alcoholism, suicide, drug addiction. This is the basis for the sociological theory of deviation, formed after.

Deviant behavior is the result ofthe emergence of people who are not able to get along well in society, they can be criminals or brilliant artists and writers, self-contained. Any deviation should be monitored and, if possible, eliminated, preferably, with the preservation of positive moments. For example, an ingenious person, even in the early stages, can try to teach communication with other people. A large number of deviants in society threatens to violate the stability of this society itself, therefore, in any manifestation this should be controlled. But the concept of deviation may differ depending on the society and its norms, so in many cases it is necessary to find individual methods.

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