What is conscience? Why not every person can safely live on, doing a bad job or not having done good? Why do we get scruples? How to deal with them? For a long time scientists could not find the answers to these questions.
Initially, it was believed that the torture of conscience isproduct of the activity of a certain zone of the human brain, which is allegedly located in the forehead region. As it turned out, the cause really lies in our body: not only in gray matter, but also in genes. In addition, the education of the individual, his character, has a strong influence. But to feel the reproaches of conscience in one way or another are capable of everything, without exception. Agree, each of us at least once in his life began to reproach himself for any act. We repeatedly scrolled in the head of the ill-fated situation, in order to find a more acceptable way out of it.
Conscience, or, as they say, later regret,overtakes us in moments when we understand that we have done something bad, did wrong. It comes in the form of an endless stream of thoughts. But these are not just ordinary thoughts that accompany us throughout the day. These are eating, pumping and annoying phrases: "If I acted differently, nothing bad would happen", "These are not my problems, everyone twists as best I can, I do not have to help", "And if there is still a chance to fix it? " and so on. Of course, everyone experiences the pain of conscience in different ways, because thinking differs from everyone.
Yes, repentance is nothing but the voice of reason,laid by mother-nature even at the early stages of the formation of human consciousness. He "lives" in us so that we can distinguish between bad from good, right from wrong. Only the only nature has not taken into account: we start thinking about the consequences only after we have done something.
Maybe it's not a beacon at all, giving us a chanceto make the right choice, and punishment for the infidel? After all, regret sometimes brings a lot of inconvenience. And one of them is the impossibility to think about anything other than its dishonest offense. Conscience helps us from the beginning to think first, and then to do it. However, not everyone knows how to learn from their mistakes.
Let's remember the moment when in childhood we blusheddue to the fact that he had to listen to the reproaches of his parents about the next prank. In those moments, the face instantly poured paint. We were ashamed. We regretted our actions at the moment - here and now. Most often this happened just under the pressure of other people who, in an attempt to teach mind-reason, ashamed us.
And what followed? Never mind!We completely forgot about all problems and the abuse of parents. From the negative sensations there was no trace left. The discomfort passed quickly enough. After all, as is known, we are ashamed before other people, and ashamed - before ourselves. In the case of parents, an error was made. Adults just shamed, instead of explaining. Perhaps, if they had put everything in order in detail, we would not only have felt shame, but also a conscience. And from now on they would not have done anything like this.
Based on this, you can find a number of differencesbetween these two concepts. Shame usually becomes immediately after the deed. A person tries to correct an apology. He does everything to resolve the situation, after which there comes a calm or even pride. Repentance comes imperceptibly and sometimes even unexpectedly. Sometimes a person begins to pester consciences because of the situation that happened a week ago. Why is this happening?
As already mentioned, it is society that forcesindividual to admit his guilt. According to the rules of etiquette, he apologizes and forgets about the problem, since the brain was given a signal - "call-off". Forgiveness for us plays the role of complacency: there are no complaints. Eating out of conscience only occurs when the brain either "does not understand" that there was an apology and forgiveness, or they really did not follow.
Very few people know, but there is a very interestingtheory. According to her, every organ has also a spiritual function, besides the physiological function. For example, the heart is responsible for mental pain. Diseases of the ears, as it turned out, arise because the person painfully perceives refusals and reproaches from other people. Simultaneously, the stomach, digesting food, along with it, "absorbs" impressions. And for conscience in the human body, ostensibly, the kidneys respond.
The spiritual and physiological functions of this pairedorgan are similar. At the physical level, the kidneys cleanse the body of toxins and toxins. On the spiritual, they likewise try to "infer" all the worst that is poisoning our consciousness. However, not always it turns out.
It is clear that we feel regretafter we commit a misdemeanor and until we hear the cherished: "I forgive you." But why should a man justify himself? Why can not we just forget about the conflict as a terrible dream and do not clog head with all sorts of nonsense? Everything is explained easily: the pains of conscience are not justifications that we invent for ourselves, in order to calm down. It is about responsibility to those who have been offended.
The human brain is designed in such a way that it needsbe sure in everything to be convinced, even in the rightness of his "master." Therefore, thoughts about the incident - this is nothing like a way to get rid of annoying and sometimes such boring reproaches of conscience. Unfortunately, you can not save yourself by justifying and searching for evidence of your own innocence.
It turns out that the so-called voice of reasonyou can not even listen, ignore it. Our brain does so in some cases. For example, when a person has thoughts more important than self-flagellation about this or that curiosity. How to get rid of the pangs of conscience? You just need to learn to respect yourself. After all, if a person has a low self-esteem, he will be afraid to do something wrong. Consequently, the individual will constantly involuntarily remind himself of punctures.
Some people have a specialfalse excuses, which, in their opinion, could save them from pangs. But it was not there! After all, he who seeks an excuse never turns out to be right in the end. Therefore, you need to exclude the fiction of the causes of innocence and how to scold yourself for what you have done.
Pangs of conscience in the fate of famous literaryheroes - quite a frequent phenomenon. Many of them to some extent thought about the correctness of their actions, justified themselves or themselves continued to gnaw. Raskolnikov is considered the most conscientious character of Russian literature. One has only to remember how at first he was delirious about the fact that they want to seize him, plant him, convict him. The hero was not even ashamed. Like, the old woman-percent-owner herself is to blame. Raskolnikov did not consider himself a "shivering creature." He assured himself that "the right has" to kill those who allegedly prevent decent people from living. But after the deed everything changed. The torments of conscience drove him into a corner to such an extent that he literally began to go crazy. And he did not calm down until he got what he deserved for killing an old woman.
Anna Karenina is another conscientious heroine. That's just it was not killing herself for murder, but for betraying her husband. The woman herself chose a punishment for herself - she rushed under the train.
Thus, in their works based onpsychology, the authors show what a terrible thing is conscience. Her reproaches are capable of making her mad, bringing her to suicide. Therefore, it is not necessary to perform those actions for which you would be painfully ashamed.