Catherine Howard has a name in history - "Rosewithout thorns. " She is known as the fifth wife of Henry the Eighth, who can safely be considered the prototype of the Bluebeard. Who was the young lady? How did her life go with the king? For what the husband ordered to imprison her in the tower and execute? All of these questions will be answered by the article.
In history, there is no reliable information about the date of birth of the future Queen of England. Opinions vary considerably. It is believed that she was born between 1520-1525.
In the kingdom, the Howard family was one of the most notable. Her head (Sir Thomas) was the Duke of Norfolk and served as chairman of the Privy Council under the king.
After the death of her mother, the girl was given up for educationthe widow of the Duke of Norfolk, Agnes. In this house she received a scant education. However, it was here, thanks to the dismissed behavior of the ladies-in-waiting of the duchess, Catherine received much knowledge in the science of love. To all this debauchery Agnes was indifferent, perceiving her as "prank."
It is assumed that in her youth Catherine Howard hadtwo close friends among men. It was a music teacher, Henry Menox, who subsequently testified against her, and nobleman Francis Dereham.
By 1539 the family was able to find a position for the girl at the court. At that time, she could be nineteen or fifteen.
Duke Thomas Norfolk attached his niece to the retinueAnna Cleves, who was the fourth wife of the king. On it, Henry the Eighth married by mistake, without seeing her live. When he was looking for his wife, he was presented with a beautiful portrait of the artist Holbein the younger, in which he portrayed a girl with aristocratic pallor and delicate features. Marriage was concluded by representatives from the king and Anna. When Henry VIII saw his wife, he experienced not a feeling of love for her, but rather disgust and pity.
The only thing he liked about AnnaCleves, was her entourage, which included and Catherine Howard. The Tudors at this time had the right to divorce themselves, therefore Anna soon began to live in London not as a queen, but as "the sister of a king." This made it easier for both sides to misunderstand.
The situation was taken by Thomas Norfolk, who saw the sympathy that arose between the king and his niece. Already in 1540 a modest wedding took place.
Catherine Howard (wife of Henry 8) was able to returnhis wife is his youth. At that time he was already fifty years old, he had a bad leg. To all this in recent years, he has grown very fat. But his relationship with his young wife brought him joy to life, made him believe that he could find family happiness.
At court again began to pass balls and tournaments,which after the death of Anna Boleyn ceased. The king adored his wife and for her simple-hearted disposition called "a rose without thorns." She was very fond of gifts and was very happy with them.
The young queen was very careless inactions. She brought her "friends of youth" to the court, who knew too much about her. So, her distant relative along the line of Francis Derema's mother, whom she had once wanted to marry, she appointed her secretary. This was her big mistake.
She did not suspect that she had many at courtenemies, or rather opponents of her powerful uncle. They engaged in the approximate queen, who emerged from her past. In addition, the couple did not appear joint heir, which the king dreamed of. His only son was Prince Edward from an earlier marriage.
One of those who took up the investigation of the casethe behavior of the queen, became Archbishop Thomas Cranmer, who had his views on who should be next to the king. He had more guesses than evidence. However, this was enough for the King to give Cranmer the order to start a secret investigation.
The ill-wishers informed the king all the informationabout his wife, presenting evidence of her treason. Heinrich Eighth this news caused a completely unexpected reaction. Instead of anger, he began to complain about fate, which does not give him the family happiness, about which he dreams. According to him, all the women who were in his life, either changed, or died, or were simply disgusting. At that moment, he realized that the illusion of youth had dissolved.
Approximate queen was interrogated with a special predilection, and they confessed in their connection with her:
Catherine Howard was convicted of deception. But she could have been saved if she had reported her youth engagement to Derek. In this case, her marriage with the king would be considered invalid, and everything would be completed safely. But she did not recognize this fact.
The first were the alleged lovers of Catherine. Thomas Culpeper was beheaded, and Francis Dremer was hanged, and then quartered.
The Queen was placed in the Tower 11. 02. 1542., where she spent three days. Catherine Howard, whose execution took place in front of a curious crowd, was beheaded. She met the death in a state of shock, she could not even walk on her own, and she had to be carried to the place of execution.
The beheaded Queen Catherine Howard wasburied in an unmarked grave, near another executed queen - the second wife of Henry the Eighth, Anna Boleyn. Both women were related to each other in blood relationship, because they were cousins.
After the death of Catherine Henry the Eighth married yettime. Her last choice was the thirty-one-year-old Katerina Parr. Only she managed to survive her husband, several times avoiding arrests because of unfounded slander by ill-wishers.
So severely ended the biography of Catherine Howard, who at the time of death was no more than twenty-two years.
There are many interesting facts related to her life:
Catherine Howard did not live much, and the Queen managed to stay even less (only two years), but her image was so vivid that she conquered many people of art.
So, in the movies it was played by such famous actresses,As Lynn Frederic, Emily Blunt, Tamzin Merchant. It was dedicated to the opera by an Italian composer of the nineteenth century, Giuseppe Lillo. Modern musician Rick Wakeman named his instrumental work in honor of Kate. She became one of the main heroines of the novels W. Holt and F. Gregory.
Catherine was too young and naive forthe royal court with all its intrigues, and therefore passed away so early. But the memory of her passed through the ages precisely because of the ease and faith in her king.