Semantics is a science without which it is unbelievably difficult to learn a language

In the broad sense of the word, semantics is a sectionlinguistics, the subject of which is the relationship between the existing and imaginary reality and the language expressions that are used in these realities. In other words, the semantics of the language serves to search for general patterns in the mapping and projection of realities in this language. Reflected can be either objects or phenomena, or abstract categories, processes that do not have practical application or a material-like shell.

The Role of Semantics in Language

In the translation from Greek, semantics arethe designation of something (the Greek root of semanticos is "signifier"). Semantics, in its linguistic sense, serves to study the connections between the phenomena of natural language and the range of its application, whether real or imagined world.

semantics is

This science clearly demonstrates howa person who is familiar with the grammatical structure of the language and a set of basic syntactic, lexical, morphological units, is able to clothe his thoughts in a verbal form and perceive information coming from different sources, even the one with which he first collides.

Semantics is an essential part of this sectionlinguistics, as a grammar. In the development of any language, the semantics of the word undergoes numerous changes with the advent of new theories and positions in linguistics. For example, the basic principles used in constructing the semantic component were developed by American scientists J. Katz and J. Fodor.

Semantics in Dictionaries: Principles and Features

word semantics
In the process of semantic analysis, the dictionaryThe meaning of a word is fixed by means of a special definition, or definition, developed in a specialized language. Semantic language implies a more explicit (expanded), but at the same time a more rigorous description of an object or phenomenon than from the point of view of the language of everyday life. For example, on the pages of the semantic dictionary one can find such a characteristic: "NOSINF = INF, PREDM". It is used for a brief description of the information carrier, which, from the position of semantics, is equated with the subject containing the information.

When interpreting words by means of a naturallanguage, scientists use single quotes to write expressions and components. However, this method is not used in dictionaries, since the very system of the device of the dictionary source assumes the model of placement of the word-interpretation; The definition, as a rule, is to the right of the word being determined. When interpreting sentences, linguists use double quotes. It must be remembered that the techniques encountered in semantics do not coincide with those corresponding to them in natural language. For example, the "INSERT-IN-MARRIAGE" construct in semantics will be treated not as a combination of three words, but as a single element of study.

language semantics
Semantics is a special science, which in itspractice uses the category of metalanguage. This term is necessary to indicate the language by which another language is described. A natural, for example, can make a metalanguage towards himself. Elements of the metalanguage can also include graphic schemes, tables, images or drawings, often found in illustrated dictionaries.

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