Schooling requires children toa huge amount of information was stored in memory. This is dictated by the variety of subjects and the annual accumulation of knowledge. "Put" and keep everything in your head will help the intelligence card. An example of its compilation, purpose and features we will consider in this article.
Intellect cards are often called diagramsties or mental maps. This is a schematic representation of information. In the center of such a map is the main idea (the core), and from it there is a fork (tree-like scheme). Each branch can be a reference to the word-concept, event, task, date, etc. The compilation of intelligence cards in training is usually used to consolidate the studied material, less often as a method of brainstorming. As a rule, it concerns the capacious topics that have a system of classifications, terms and additions.
Intellect-card is an example of effective graphic memorization. It can be made individually or collectively. To implement it, you only need a sheet of paper, fantasy and pencils.
Development of modern communication diagramsbelongs to the British writer and psychologist Tony Buzen and refers to the end of the 80s of the last century. However, this is only an official statement of the method. It is known that even in ancient times there were attempts to schematically depict information. So, the first intelligence card, an example of which refers to the 3rd century, belongs to the philosopher Porfiry of Tyros. Carefully studying the views of Aristotle, he graphically depicted their main categories, the concept of development. His experience in the 13th century was repeated by another philosopher, Raymond Lully.
The method of intelligence cards, developed by Buzen, basically contains ideas of the general semantics of the Polish researcher Alfred Korzhibski and focuses on the work of both hemispheres of the brain.
As the long-standing practice of educators shows,Link diagrams are the best way to record new information. This is a great tool in the experienced hands of specialists and schoolchildren, who will:
Intelligence card is an example of an easy and effective reception in the educational process, which requires minimum effort and time, but gives the most positive result.
Intellect cards are often identified withconceptual maps. However, this is a mistake. The latter were developed by American psychologists in the 70s of the last century and depict the relationship between concepts, concepts, events. Conceptual maps have a logical structure (one element comes out of the other), and the connection diagrams are radiated (that is, all the elements concentrate around one idea).
It should be noted that such a graphicsummary has its advantages and disadvantages over other methods. The advantages of it include the structuredness of information and the ease of reading and memorizing it. Ideas become more clear and understandable, they can be covered with a single eye. The shortcomings include a limited scale and the use of only one central concept.
By age and discipline, the method ishas limitations. The use of an intelligence card in primary school requires special attention. During such a game assimilation of new knowledge, children should learn to single out the main idea, develop associative thinking, coherent speech, enrich the vocabulary. Therefore, the scale of their diagrams is minimal and expands as the child develops intellectually.
Earlier, the use of intelligence cards occurredonly in school education. Today this method helps not only students and teachers, but also people of different specialties. Communication diagrams are effective in business, sociology, humanities, engineering and even in day-to-day business planning. Thus, they can be used not only for notes of lectures and books, but also for solving creative tasks, creating presentations, developing projects of varying complexity, compiling organograms.
Let's compare two works:
As can be seen, the purposes of using the smart card method are different, but the efficiency can be equally high.
In the theory of connection diagrams, everything looks practicallyflawlessly. And what about practice? How to properly compile an intelligence card so that it gives the maximum effect? Here it is necessary to take into account a number of points: