What is the root in Russian?
We all know that at the very beginning was the Word. And it certainly was the root, that is the main and determining part. The main lexical meaning is controlled by him. The root of the word is the main morpheme, which has a common part with all related words. He is necessarily in every word, even without the presence of other morphemes. But the other morphemes without a root do not live! For example: house, we add a suffix - house. Well, what is this here? ik without root house?!
So do the other related words: small house and domicile, brownie and even housekeeper - everywhere the same root of the word, related to the word house. Such words are called crocheted. There may be options. Have a word house All the relatives turned out to be nouns, but there are relatives also in the distance: Lad, get along, okay, okay.
In the word there is one root and even two - housekeeper for example, again: the first root - house, the second - governed, from the word control. Such words are called complex. Spelling in them is strictly regulated by the rules of spelling.
And sometimes the morphological analysis is not even a magnifying glasshelps: it is impossible to determine what is the root of the word. After all, there are also such ridiculously confused cases, when words of completely different meaning have the same root. These are the roots of words, called homonyms, and they must be learned to distinguish. Homonymous - means, coinciding on sounding, but absolutely different in value. Wear - root nose, and nose on the face - also with the root nose. How to be? Even knowing what is the root of the word and unerringly determining it, it is necessary to correlate these words by lexical meaning and to establish that they are not crocheted.
Roots connected and free
This very same nose, who on his face, can calmly do without endings, even touching - ah, what a spout!, especially without Amikoshon - Well, and the nose of yours!, i.e nose - the root is independent, and therefore called free. There are many of those. But there are completely non-independent roots, they survive only in conjunction with other morphemes - prefixes and suffixes: understand eg. Well, how to understand what the root of the word "understand"? Such roots are called related. Even more interesting are the roots with one letter: shoes, shoes, razut.
Rearrangement of furniture
Very often there is a radical change - onesound is replaced by another when different forms of the same word or in related words are used. There are certain rules for spelling. This is called alternation, as for both vowels and consonants. Moss - moss, lies - lies, run-away, eg. Distinguish between the historically formed (historical) and phonetic.
In modern Russian, many words have merged the root with other morphemes, have overcome the language. For example: Western, factory, celebration, grieve and others.