Work is multidimensionala phenomenon that directly affects all spheres of human life. As a rule, the concept of "labor" is defined as the expedient activity of a person, which was directed to create material and cultural values.
Labor is not only economic, but alsosocial category, because during labor the worker and his group enter into some social relations, and interact with one another. When this interaction occurs, the state of each social group and individual employee changes.
The object and means of labor do not function assuch if they are not included in the living work, which in the form of a single relationship of man to nature and relations among the participants in the procedure, in the sense of social relations. For this reason, labor itself is not merely a mechanical combination of the main components, but an organic unity, the decisive factors of which are the people themselves with their labor activity.
Economics and sociology of labor are relationsamong members of the social community and this community (their social position, image and way of life, in the final analysis, the formation and development of the individual, and the most diverse social community).
Economics and sociology of labor are conditionedlabor relations, since any employee is included in the work activity, not considering who will work with whom. But over time, workers in their own way manifest themselves in a relationship with another member of the work team. In this way, social relations can be formed in work.
The economy and sociology of labor are capable ofexist in inextricable interaction, mutually enrich and complement each other. Thanks to social and labor relations, social significance, purpose, position in the society of individuality and collective is determined. Neither the workers nor the members of the labor company function outside of the social and labor relations, outside of mutual duty, outside the interaction.
Sociology of labor studies the functioning andsocial aspects of the labor market. With the help of labor sociology, it is possible to understand how employers and employees work in response to the economic and social incentive to work.
For this reason, the sociology of labor studiesstructure and mechanism of social and labor relations, social process and phenomenon in the field of labor. The economy and sociology of labor study the problem of regulating the social process, motivating labor, labor adaptation of the employee, stimulating labor activity, social control in the field of labor, uniting labor collectives, managing labor collectives and democratizing labor relations, labor migration, planning and social regulation of work.
Sociology of labor and economic sociologystudy socio-economic relations that develop during work, between employers, employees and the country about how to organize work.
The principle of market economy is actively being introduced insphere of attraction and use of workers, social and labor relations, organization and payment of labor activity, as well as the formation and use of the employee's income, and improving the living standards of people. The labor economy studies the social and economic problems of labor, efficiency and productivity of labor activity, taking into account the basis of scientific organizations. The most important aspect is the study of people's attitudes toward work, the formation of satisfaction, with the help of labor in the system of social and labor relations, which develops at different levels of the economy.