You decided to sew the curtains yourselfroom? Then you will need their exact dimensions. And today we will talk about how to get them right. How to calculate the width of the curtains, their length, take into account additional nuances. This is not at all difficult, and there is absolutely nothing to frighten the beginning designers.
The height of the product is determined by measuringthe distance between the floor and the hooks of the cornice. Do at least three measurements in different places to exclude the curvature of both the floor and the ceiling. If the resulting figures are the same, then your ceiling, like the floor, is fairly flat. If the sizes differ, mark each result. We will have to calculate separately for each of the measurements.
From the fixed size, subtract the distance between the bottom edge of the curtain and the floor surface. The remaining result is the required height of the curtain fabric.
And how to calculate the width of the curtains? It is equal to the distance between the earthed hooks of the cornice.
Such a thing as sewing curtains, requires a very accurateremoval of measurements. Admitting an error of a couple of centimeters, you can completely ruin everything. If you decide to sew curtains in a specialized salon, then you know: for the correctness of the sizes given you will have to vouch your own signature. And your task is to check that the ordering employee correctly recorded the specified standards in the form with the data.
If the size of the finished product does not suit you, then you can change the "dimensions" only by issuing a new order for a fee.
To avoid such annoying misunderstandings,One should learn a couple of simple rules, according to which such measures are taken. First of all, you need to start with the installation of the cornice. Without this, you will not get any exact size. If the curtain model you choose has a variable height (such as the "arch" type), you should mark at least two heights - the top lift and the bottom edge. It is advisable to add a few intermediate dimensions to them.
It happens that the cornices above the windows are installedobliquely. This option can be found in suburban homes, or when the curtains are sewn in the attic room, as well as when decorating stairs. In this case, heights will be required for the upper and lower levels of each of the cornices, as well as their lengths in a straight line and in a horizontal projection. In the case where the cornice is curved in the form of an arch, it will be necessary to make a separate pattern for it.
The next step for self-tailoring curtains -calculation of the necessary amount of tissue. First of all, decide on the choice of material and specify its specific width. When you come to the store, you will find that the tulle for curtains, like the curtain fabrics, exist in widths from 1.4 to 1.6 meters (an average of one and a half meters). Another option is a height of 2.7 to 3.2 m (an average of 2.8 m).
When cutting the second format is more economical,therefore designers in the majority choose it. In addition, most of the lush and bulky elements can not be cut out of the fabric with insufficient width. Therefore, in our calculations we will focus on a height of about 2.8 m.
The main measure that we need whenthe width of our cornice. If the favored material has a large pattern and high density, it is sufficient to have a width one and a half times the size of the cornice. That is, we multiply its length by 1.5.
So, with a three-meter cornice, we needfour and a half meters of cloth. This option is the most economical, but, unfortunately, not the most beautiful and aesthetic. Much more elegant looking curtains, decorated folds in the form of a bow or beautifully assembled, while using a special curtain tape.
Minimum fabric at which a bowfold, two widths of the cornice. But the most spectacular is the view, if its width is exceeded by 2.5-2.7 times. Accordingly, in the above example (the width of the cornice is 3 meters), we need about 8 meters of fabric.
If your plans include fabric assembly, whyneed curtain tape, the amount of material on it, check with a consultant in the store. But in all cases, remember that it will take another 20 centimeters to bend the side seams, which should be added to the calculated footage.
According to the above scheme, we calculate the footagefabric for sewing the usual shady curtains and inner curtains. If our project provides for lambrequins, then each of its elements will require additional material consumption, which should be calculated separately and then all added up.
This task in this case is quite complicated -how to sew curtains. Patterns of finished products with all the calculations provided for the selected model, perhaps, will be its optimal solution. Another option is to contact a specialist-designer.
Much easier than those options for curtains, where similarcomplexities are not provided. For example, when the selected model refers to Roman curtains or Japanese curtain-panels. If we do not plan to collect our product in folds, we take one width (or height, when it comes to fabric width of one and a half meters) and increase it by the allowance for side seams.
Consider here only one important nuance.In the case where the selected fabric is distinguished by a bright large print, at a width of 1.5 meters it will be necessary to adjust the pattern in the same way as the wallpaper label. In this case, an additional amount of tissue is to be purchased.
If our model provides hard lambrequinwith a base of glutinous fabric, then its size in the finished form with added allowances for the seams increases by 20 or 30 cm for the planting of curtain fabric on the glue.
Of course, before you measure the tissue, you shoulddetermine the size of the product itself. Blinds can be either up to the floor (not to reach its surface by about 13 mm) or flush with the sill, and also below its level of centimeters by 8. While in our measurements, we do not include the allowances for the hem at the bottom and the kuliska at the top edge.
How to calculate the width of the curtains?We define it, as already mentioned, focusing on the extreme lateral points of the cornice. There should be a small allowance for the entry of one blade to the other in the center. When the window is located in the corner of the room, when measuring the width, one has to take into account the value from the corner to its edge. If this distance is very small (no more than 20 cm), then the places in order to normally extend the curtains are clearly not enough. You should consider the option of transferring both canvases to the other side.
Dimensions of curtains in a straightened form - not all.Think about the splendor of your future product. It depends on the density of the selected fabric and the shape of the top of the cusp. If narrow, deep folds are assumed, they will take from 3 to 3.5 times the width of the window.
In general, be guided by the following figures:the coefficient of splendor for dense tissue is 2: 1, in fabrics with an average density it is slightly larger - 2.5: 1. Well, the lightest fabrics should be chosen with a coefficient of 3: 1, that is, take the width of the curtains three times larger than the size of the cornice.
When determining the necessary amount of tissueit is necessary to take into account the repetitions of the figure on it, the style of the upper cusp and all the necessary allowances for the folds. The size of the pattern depends on its repeatability and lies in the boundaries between adjacent identical elements. It can be indicated on the coupon containing the description of the fabric. If there is no such information, you can calculate the size of the pattern yourself.
To obtain the size of each of the panelsThe required length should be added to one size of the pattern. Do not forget about the kuliska provided at the top edge of the product. Its width can vary from 2.5 to 20 cm. This value should be doubled and added to the calculated length of our canvas.
For example, with a ten-centimeter width of the frogsthe total consumption of the fabric should be increased by 20 cm. For a separately cut out kuliska, its length should be taken equal to the total width of the whole product with the addition of a minimum of 15 centimeters to the hem.
As you can see, independent sewing curtains simplestyle, including all the necessary measurements, the selection of the fabric with the calculation of its right amount and taking into account some of the necessary nuances - it is absolutely not difficult, affordable and beginning the tailor. We hope that our article has helped the reader to get a little understanding on this issue. We wish everyone success in mastering this interesting and useful lesson!