The tambour stitch is referred to as a stitch. On the surface of the fabric, it looks like a continuous thread chain or pigtail. Different techniques of this seam make it possible to easily modify the pattern on the face of the fabric.
Understanding how to make a chain stitch, mastering simpleand easy to remember techniques, as well as fundamental differences of the varieties of chain stitches, can be embroidered, in fact, in one technique, but in the end receive a differently decorated textured fabric.
The tambour seam needle is known since the timesAncient Russia. At that time he was called the "chain". The embroidery was mainly made on wooden embroidery frames. The fabric stretched on them looked like the working surface of a drum. And this word was pronounced as a "tambour" or "tambourine". It is believed that the name of this kind of seams has gone from this word.
In those days, products were in demand,finished with a "chain" using a gilded thread. For greater expressiveness, the wizards twisted it with a black one and this made it possible to contrast the transitions and expressiveness of the embroidery pattern.
Modern technology is increasingly using"Chain" for sewing smoothly. With the help of a tambour seam and the application of its varieties in compositions, the skilled workers manage to achieve natural transitions of light and shadow. Chain stitches, made with multi-colored threads, open additional possibilities for realization of the conceived idea.
For a man who is not addicted to embroidery, knowledgethe basics of how to make a stitch seam will help with the repair of clothes. Such a technique can be successfully simulated with a machine chain stitch. With some practice, you can achieve a high degree of similarity.
Chain stitches can be sewn overheadpatches, if you set a goal - to highlight this detail on a general background. Apply this seam in the case when you need to make a series of loops to go from knitwear to knitting equipment.
But all the same, the main purpose of tambour stitches -this is decorative embroidery patterned or smooth. This technique makes it possible to trim the fabric and a strict chain pattern along the contour, and fill the parts of the composition completely with the formation of various types of patterns: stems, flowers, petals, leaves and other elements.
Photo of a tambour stitch on finished products alwaysdiffer in the clarity of lines. Embroidery looks on any kind of fabric, the main thing is to choose a combination of working thread and the color of the main material. For cotton, linen and jeans, it is better to choose a floss.
Silk, chiffon and other fine fabrics are bettertrim with viscose or silk threads. For wool you need to sew the same material. The chain stitch of bright shades on monophonic fabrics without a pattern looks best.
Colored threads are more suitable for dense material. Batiste, muslin, tulle or marquiset can be decorated with white embroidery with metallized inclusions to create special effects.
First you need to understand the principle of loop formation in order to learn how to perform a stitching stitch with a needle. How to do it - it will be easier to understand the technique of embroidery in the frame.
The needle is inserted from the wrong side and is displayed on the front surface. The injection is made in the contour of the future pattern. The thread is fully stretched and as it were laid along the marking of the axial line of the future chain.
Then the needle moves back to the place of withdrawal. The thread begins to form a loop. The needle is inserted in the same place and displayed inside out. The thread, following it, slowly tightens the loop. The next needle prick is made from the wrong side with a certain step also in the contour of the center line. In this case, a straight straight stitch is formed.
Now it is necessary to get the outgoing tip of the needle intoloop. It is left not too large, but also sufficient for the convenience of work. The needle is completely removed. The stitch is tightened. The retracted and stretched thread serves as a stop and does not allow the loop to go inside out. The distance between two needle pricks determines the length of the chain link.
On clothes or a cut of fabric, where there is no convenience for working with a stretched fabric on the hoop, the technique of execution is slightly different, but it is also performed along contour lines.
The thread is displayed "on the face", adheres to a largethe finger of the left hand, the needle goes back to the exit. In this case, the same loop is formed, but pressed against the surface of the tissue. The next prick is made at the point of withdrawal of the thread. A stitch is made "forward the needle" to the required distance. The needle is removed into the formed loop.
The photo of the tambour stitch at the initial stage givesthe ability to understand the principle of pulling a needle into a curl that forms. The moment of formation of a loop is also visible. Next, the needle passes over the cloth that has been pressed to the fabric. The loop is tightened - one link of the chain is formed.
Then everything repeats itself. The finger presses the thread, the next loop forms, an injection is made with the formation of a stitch "forward needle". On the underside of the contour of the pattern, a continuous seam line is formed without any gaps. It turns out that each new stitch ends in the middle of the loop.
Many more secrets conceal a chain stitch: how to do, for example, the reverse chain?
To form the first loop, you must firstmake it a limiter. Usually this is combined with the fastening stitch at the beginning of the seam. To do this, one puncture is performed "forward the needle" from the inside to the contour of the future chain. The needle is inserted inward and the same puncture is repeated. The thread is fixed, it is on the underside.
The next injection is done in the contour of the line atsome distance. The amount of this stitch determines the size of the loop and the future link of the chain. The needle is displayed "on the face", stretched out completely. Now it should be made under the threads that formed the first stitching stitch.
This is done by moving from right to left without a puncturefabric and grip the base material. Then the needle returns to the place of the end of the filament and is removed to the underside. The loop is tightened. Then the process is repeated anew: a puncture with the right pitch, pulling the string "on the face," picking up the two strands of the previous loop, pricking at the point of withdrawal.
To reverse the swab stitch with a needle was neat, you need to follow the exact size of the wrong stitches and evenly tighten the hinges.
This technique can be easily diversified. You can only change the angle of each subsequent stitch by deflecting it from the axial intended pattern line, and you will get the "herringbone" seam.
If you complete each loop not at the output pointthread, and not reaching it, you get an open chain. The greater the distance, the wider the seam. If you go on the reverse principle and finish the loop behind the point of output of the thread (overlay it on top), you will end up with a "cross tambour stitch" with a needle.
Intricate embroidery can be obtained by combiningloops in a variety of groups. So, the foot is obtained from three basic stitches, located side by side and coming out from one point, a rosette - out of four, a flower - from five or more.
These groups can be used to trim the edges of clothing. If you combine them with the basic chain, you can form bouquets and garlands, adding stitches that form stems and leaves.
The pattern of the composition or contour pattern of the tambourthe seam is transferred to a light fabric through a carbon paper. To a dark basis, a paper sketch or a photocopy can be sewn with a light thread with a stitching suture along the main lines. After that, the paper breaks, and after embroidery, the outline is dissolved.
How to make an elastic stitch so that it fits perfectly on an intricate pattern and perfectly combined with other types of decorative finishes?
The shape of the loops that form this or that kind of chain is determined by the distance between the adjacent punctures of the needle. The angle of their inclination to the conditional center line can be changed direction.
Stitches should be of the same size and be located within the contour lines of the composition. The distance between punctures can be different.
Stitch of the base seammust have the form of a drop. You can achieve uniformity of loops only by the same thread tension. One excessively tight loop (even if only slightly noticeable) will spoil the overall appearance of the chain. The same result will be if the thread is left a gap.
Do not despair after the first setbacks. No one from the first time does not get an ideal seam. The skill comes with practice. Patience and perseverance will eventually give results!