Needlework is the most common hobby for women and even for some men.
In order to make the work of the masters moreeasy, craftsmen invent more and more various adaptations. These can be special needles for embroidery or for beading, braiding machines made from rubber bands, beads or threads, cutters of different shapes for woodcarving or molds.
Today we will consider such an instrument as mold: the meaning of a word, what it is for, and how to make it yourself - all this you will learn from the article. Also we will find out what molds exist and in what crafts they are used.
Mold is translated from English as "cast". Therefore, by name, you can guess that it can be used as a form for obtaining a particular figure or figure.
Such tools are a kind of pasochki like those of which children mold kulichiki, but often they are smaller and of different material. That's what a mold is.
However, with the help of molds, you can not only cast figures from liquid material, but also squeeze out a pattern or even some object from a substance like polymer clay, mastic or plasticine.
Without molds, it is very difficult and even impossible to achieve the maximum realism of the product, so if you want to exhibit your work for sale, then you can not do without these forms.
They use silicone molds both in needlework and in the food industry. The application of these molds will now be considered in more detail.
As you can see, in many areas such forms are used. The meaning of the word "mold" we have already described in detail, now let's figure out what it can replace.
There are a lot of options for what can replace special molds:
We gave only a few ideas on how toreplace special forms and seals, but understanding what a mold is, you can come up with many interesting substitutions yourself. Use all your imagination - and ideas will not keep you waiting.
In order for the part to be easily removed, the formshould be made of plastic and easily bending material. If this condition is not met, then during the extraction, the finished product may crack or break.
The cheapest material, suitable for that,to make molds with their own hands, is a silicone sealant. For a very small amount you can buy a sufficient amount of material from which you can make a lot of silicone molds.
You can buy silicone sealant in anya building store located nearby. Sealant on acrylic base is not worth buying, because when it cools, it loses its plasticity and can crumble. Neutral or acid base is what you need. Also pay attention to the heat resistance of the material you choose, as you will bake it, it must withstand at least 200 degrees Celsius.
In addition to silicone sealant (how to make a mold, we will describe a little later), you will need several more tools:
When making a blank for the mold, mix the sealant with starch in equal proportions.
Remember that the sealant very quickly withers, so when working with it, do not waste time in vain.
Mold making in this way will bejustified only for products that do not have to bake, for example, for soap. Under no circumstances should such silicone be used for molds with which you want to make edible figurines, since it is quite toxic.
With silicone "Moment" you need to work the same way you would work with a sealant.
By the way, this silicone is much more expensive than our first option.
There is a special silicone for making molds, consisting of two components. As you understand, for this purpose it fits best, but it is worth more than all the above options.
Molds made from such material can also be used for articles consumed in food.
If you follow the instructions given on the package, the relief on your mold will turn out to be beautiful and clear.
Just before you start creating your personal form, you will have to mix both components of the special silicone. And after the end of the work the drying time of the product will be from 3 to 6 hours.
We suggest that you familiarize yourself with how to make molds by yourself! Everyone can handle this process.
Before we outline howto make molds from polymer clay, it is worth noting that this is the most expensive and not cost-effective way, because polymer clay is non-plastic, toxic, therefore it is impossible to use molds made of it for mastic shapes.
Of course, if you do not have any suitable materials at home, and you need the mold very urgently, you can use polymer clay.
In addition to it, you will need more petrolatum and water.
Mix the polymer clay with a small amountVaseline, pre-warming it well. Before you make the desired imprint, moisten the crushed mixture of clay and petroleum jelly in water with water. When mold gets the kind you need, bake it in the oven at a temperature of 100 degrees (about 20 minutes).
Since this method is the most difficult, we decided to talk about it separately. Let's analyze how to make such molds using the example of a birch leaf.
Mold making process:
Now you have realistic molds. How to use these tools? Place the birch leaf without veins on the first mold, from the top cover with the second and press it. The product is ready.
Now we will describe to you the technique of preparing mold from silicone material, and it does not matter whether it is a sealant, "Moment" or special silicone - the principle of cooking is the same.
We proceed to create a mold:
One of the most common - mold faces for dolls.
It is very difficult to mold a realistic child's face independently. Manufacturers of articulated dolls understand this perfectly.
Of course, you can buy a ready-made face form inshop, but not everyone can afford it, because they are not cheap at all, so we offer you a master class for making such a mold.
The process of making a puppeteer mold:
You have a puppet face made of polymer clay and molds made of silicone sealant and starch.
In addition to molds for the manufacture of flowers and dolls, you can come in handy impressions of various pleasant trifles. They will be especially useful if you are engaged in scrapbooking or making jewelry.
It can be various construction tools in miniature, bicycles, wheelchairs, tiny glasses, hearts, arrows and many other trifles.
Let's look at how you can make such molds at home.
Tools and materials:
Mold making process:
Molds should be handled neatly and stored in separate boxes to prevent debris from accumulating on them.