To everyone who is not indifferent to cheese, the leader in the ratingpopularity of sour-milk products, when compiling a healthy diet, one must take into account its energy value. Caloric content of hard cheese, the most fatty and nutritious kind, is high and varies from 350 to 420 kcal per 100 g of product. This indicator depends on the grade associated with the technology of its production, and the fat content of the milk used.
Numerous varieties of hard cheeses are made withusing two methods: cooking or drying with the addition of lactic acid bacteria and enzymes that stimulate the process of coagulation of milk. This product can mature from three months to three years.
Extra-hard cheeses are used for cookingexquisite dishes either in grated form, or with small crushed pieces. And also they are served with the finest shavings as a snack for wine. Cheeses of natural ripening (Gouda, Edamer, Maasdam), cheeses with blue mold (Blau Bastianse, Delfts Blau), peasant cheeses (Bemster, Stolvejker ), smoked ("Gouda") or with a red crust ("Dourovael"). Caloric content of hard cheese depends on its fat content, which in parmesan is 32%, in Dutch cheese - 45%, in Swiss cheese - 50%. It is known that the higher this index for a popular fermented milk product, the more it tastes better.
The cheese contains 26-28% protein, whichis absorbed by the human body much better than meat. Nutritionists call solid varieties "concentrated milk", because sometimes a small piece of cheese for breakfast (30-50 g) can replace 300-400 ml of valuable liquid. High caloric value of hard cheese is associated with a high content of lipids in milk (20-28%). They are also rich in vitamins: A, group B (B1, B2, B6, B9, B12), PP, E and C. The product described contains many minerals: zinc, calcium, copper, manganese, sodium, iron, magnesium, potassium , phosphorus. Milk fat has a low-melting structure and a large amount of phosphotites, which contribute to its almost complete assimilation (by 98-99%).
Using cheese of solid grades, calorie contentwhich is high, you need to monitor the moderation of portions and a sufficient amount of physical activity. This will help to spend excess energy, obtained from a nutritional product.
Despite the benefits of usingsolid cheese, calorie content in 100 grams of any sort of this product is 17-20% of the total daily intake. Everyone who watches his figure or the level of cholesterol in the blood, a day can eat no more than 20-50 g of mature cheese.
Varieties of cheese
Energy value in kcal per 100 g
Kondrovo Russian "Olterber"
Lithuanian "Gouda", "Edam"
Cheese with mushrooms
When preparing dishes or snacks for appearanceAppetizing crusts are often hard cheese rubbed on a grater. A teaspoon of such a treat contains 8 g of which you can get 30 kcal. A table spoon of grated cheese of solid sorts can hold 25 grams, the caloric content of the product is 94 kcal.
One of the most popular domestic cheeses -"Rossiyskiy" - is produced today in Russia and some neighboring countries. Characteristic features of this type of hard cheese is its pronounced, delicate taste and the pattern of "fine lace". Prepare the "Russian" cheese from pasteurized milk, obtained from cows, with the addition of rennet and lactic acid bacteria. It lasts for 2.5 months and then goes to stores.
When buying a favorite product, you need to payattention to its natural composition: the addition of vegetable fats (palm oil) reduces its cost and significantly degrades the quality. It should also be taken into account that people suffering from gastrointestinal problems are not allowed to eat sharp grades of the described product. Sometimes cheese is hard, the calorie content of which may be small, causes headache, migraine attacks or nightmares. This harm brings excess of the amino acid coming from cheese - tryptophan. If you abuse hard varieties of the product, it can become a trigger for the emergence of excess cholesterol in the blood, its thickening, hypertension or atherosclerosis.
Blue cheese (solid), the calorie content of whichis 340-353 kcal per 100 g of a spicy product, it is forbidden in the diet of pregnant women, as in certain products with mold contains a dangerous amount of bacteria that cause listeriosis. This disease can lead to problems with the bearing of the baby and his birth.
Useful properties of hard cheeses - find forVegetarian menu or for those who want to diversify the protein diet. They act as a substitute for meat or fish. The protein participates in the formation of muscles and organs, and phosphorus and calcium strengthen the structure of the joints and bones. Choosing hard cheeses for a diet during weight loss, you need to pay attention to the label of the product, which indicates the exact energy value of the product in calories. For example, the calorie content of a hard cheese of 45% fat content can vary from 310 kcal to 420 kcal.
Of the products you will need:1 kg of zucchini, 15 g of sunflower oil, 40 g of corn flour, 1-2 eggs, 200 g of Adyghe cheese and 150 g of "Russian", 1-2 cloves of garlic (to taste), fresh parsley. In order to prepare a delicious diet casserole, zucchini rubbed on a large grater and sprinkled with salt. Then give them to stand and drain excess liquid, wringing out the mass. Add grated cheese, chopped parsley, favorite spices, squeeze out the garlic. Mix with flour and egg, giving the mass uniformity. The pan is lubricated with oil, the future casserole is poured onto it and the surface is leveled. Sprinkle with cheese and bake at 180 degrees for 30-40 minutes. Caloric content of this dish is 156 kcal per 100 g of casserole.